Aronia Berry1

$28.00

Deciduous, ornamental shrub with extremely nutritious currant-sized berries in mid summer, high in anti-oxidants and vitamin C.

Description

Deciduous, ornamental shrub with extremely nutritious currant-sized berries in mid summer, high in anti-oxidants and vitamin C.

  • Botanical Name: Aronia melanocarpa
  • Plant Family: Roseaceae (Rose)
  • Synonyms: Black Chokeberry
  • Form: Shrub
  • Lifecycle: Perennial
  • Use 1. Fruits: The currant-sized berries have a good flavour but are very astringent – they can be eaten raw but do need to be very ripe, or can be cooked.  Juice from them is made commercially in Europe.  Berries are rich in pectin, good for jam making, and can be added to other low-pectin fruits.  Wine, fruit leathers and tea can also be made from the fresh berries. Native Americans mixed the berries with meat to make pemmican. 
  • Use 2. Medicinal: Aronia contains a higher concentration of vitamin C than blackcurrants, plus a host of other valuable substances, especially antioxidants, polyphenols, bioflavonoids, and tannins. It has proven useful in lowering high blood pressure and some research is showing anti-cancer properties. An infusion of the berries has been used traditionally to cure colds.
  • Use 3. Brewing: A wine is  made from the fruit in Lithuania.
  • Use 4. Chook fodder: The fruit provides great forage for chickens.
  • Growing Conditions: Prefers moist soil but is tolerant of a wide range of conditions. In hotter drier parts of the country it is better in part shade and although it tolerates drought additional moisture is needed for good fruiting. Probably requires some winter chilling though definitive figures are hard to find.
  • Height: 1.2 – 3 m 
  • Hardiness: Hardy to -25
  • Flowering time:  Spring
  • Pollination: Insect pollinated, self-fertile or sometimes parthenocarpic, but cross pollination is required for seed set.
  • Biodiversity value: Attracts bees
  • Native to: North America 
  • Food Forest Fit: Shrub layer on a sunny edge (especially on an eastern rather than northern or western edge in hotter climates). Will sucker to colonise an area but only fairly slowly.
  • Fun Fact: It is unclear where the name Chokeberry comes from, some sources say it’s because some birds choke on the berries, others refer to the astringency of the berries.
  • Pot size: PB5